The therapeutic effect of ultrasound therapy is associated with micromassage of tissues at the cell level, as well as thermal and physico-chemical effects on them. The vibrational “micromassage” of tissues at the subcellular and cellular levels allows resorption of seals and infiltrates, prevents the formation of postoperative adhesions and scars, and stops the development of joint contractures.
Physico-chemical and thermal effects improve microcirculation, have anti-inflammatory effects and stimulate tissue regeneration.
In addition, the bactericidal property of ultrasound has been proven, allowing its use as a method for the prevention of suppuration of operated extremities in the postoperative state (ultrasound damages the cell membranes of some pathogenic microorganisms).
The property of ultrasound therapy, to increase the permeability of tissues and blood vessels, has become the basis for combining ultrasound with drugs. This makes it possible to introduce medicinal substances through the skin, into deep tissues, directly to a painful place or pathological focus. Such a combination of ultrasound and drugs is called phonophoresis, the effectiveness of which is much higher than using only the ultrasound itself. Ultraphonophoresis helps to achieve the desired result in the shortest possible time, for a minimum number of procedures. In medicine, when conducting phonophoresis procedures, gels, creams or ointments with painkillers, anti-inflammatory and regenerative effects are most often used.