For the treatment of many diseases of the spine and joints, accompanied by acute pain, the first priority should be the relief of pain.
Pain carries both a positive function, acting as a signal of a violation, and a number of negative ones. Acute prolonged pain leads to spasms of muscles, blood vessels, followed by hypoxia, lymph and venous stasis and the appearance of edema of the affected structures.
For the relief of pain, the most effective is the method of medical blockade. Blockade is the injection of drugs into the area surrounding the nerve, root, or joint.
For blockades, drugs of various actions are used. It can be painkillers, antispasmodics, decongestants, local anesthetics (novocaine, lidocaine, etc.), homeopathic medicines, steroids, vitamins and analgesics.
As a result of the therapeutic effect, lymphatic outflow and drainage of ligamentous tissues improve, their edema is relieved, which leads to relief of pain and restoration of function.
The blockade can be especially effective in combination with other medical and rehabilitation measures. When conducting therapeutic novocaine blockades, in addition to relieving pain, in some cases, a distinct vasodilation and decongestion effect and an improvement in neuro-trophic function are obtained.
With the help of therapeutic blockades, preventive tasks can also be solved: their timely use with an adequate selection of drugs for the first stage of neurological syndromes of spinal osteochondrosis helps to prevent the development of dystrophic processes in dystonically or aseptically inflammatory tissues, as well as to prevent stabilization of the process if it is possible to achieve complete remission. It is important to comply with the blockade technique in order to prevent complications. The number of blockages depends on the goal (analgesic, muscle-spasmolytic, angioedema effects, etc.). It can range from 2-3 to 10-15. The composition of the drug mixture is determined by the doctor, taking into account the neurological syndrome.